It has been surveyed that one in every four pregnancies are terminated, accounting to 56 million abortions per years, as per the global data, which depicts that criminalizing the act of ending pregnancy does not make the activity any lesser. The World Health Organization and US Guttmacher Institute show the rate of pregnancy termination in decline for developed nations over the last two decades, but static rate of pregnancy endings in the developing regions, reflecting unmet requirement for contraception.
As per Dr. Gilda Sedgh from institute at New York says that in developed countries the rate of pregnancy ceasing is declining because increased utilization of safe and modern contraception, which allow females to have a greater control over when and how many children they wish to give birth. The use of abortion pill is mostly done only if contraceptives fail or there are some issues with pregnancy or status of women, apart from medical emergency or forced intercourse.
Comparison: Abortion Number throughout World
In developing nations, family planning services are not keeping up with desire or need for smaller families. Around 80 percent of the unplanned pregnancies are affecting women as they do not have access to safe contraceptives, and thus end their pregnancy. They buy abortion pill for early pregnancy termination as it allows for less intrusive and affordable procedure to happen at home than in a hospital.
As per a leading journal, in developed countries there were only 7 million abortion for 2010-14 compared to 12 million between 1990 and 1994. In developing area, the figures increased from 39 to 50 million in the same period. As the rising population is much normal in such places, the pregnancy termination rates have increased, but feel from 40 per 1,000 to 35 in same amount of women for leading nations. Like in developed regions people can buy MTP Kit online, in developing nations due to strict laws, such tasks are illegal.
The most dramatic fall in numbers of pregnancies terminated was in the Eastern Europe, where the pregnancy ending rate was the highest in the world in1990s, with 88 in every 1,000 women. The figures dropped (42 per 1,000 women) drastically as women had better reach to contraception, while in other parts of Europe the numbers are 21 and 17 for North America. Here women can even take abortion pill online, and legal laws for the processes are relaxed than developing nations.
Why Abortion Rates are high in Developing Nations?
Unsafe pregnancy termination is more common if women do not reach to much needed healthcare. They would then settle for back-alley processes or there would be blacklisted trainers are doctors doing the job claiming they are trained professionally to conduct a medical or surgical pregnancy ending. This is why in developing nations; the pregnancy ending rates are high in case of endangering women’s health. To add to the problems, the topic of caring for pregnancy beyond parenting is also considered taboo.
In most such areas, giving up a child for adoption may be considered a mistake as well, lest abortion. Parenting is the only acceptable choice, and birth outside legal or marriage relations are also considered a big taboo, due to which women often end their pregnancies. This is another reason why pregnancy termination rates are so high in developing countries where often women are not bestowed with equal facilities to their male counterparts, and single mothers find it hard to bring up a child in a healthy and accepting surrounding.
In some regions, pregnancy terminations are also selective based on gender and other aspect, which raises level of abortion. In developing nations, mostly there are hardly any procedures to end pregnancies depending on the gender of the child. Most are happy to know the gender of their babies beforehand and plan celebrations ahead, while in developing nations there is a dark story whenever a couple or one of the parent are wanting to know the gender of the fetus in womb.